Tuesday, June 2, 2020
Introduction To Accounting Transactions Campus Cycle Shop (Other (Not Listed) Sample) Content: Part A (30 points)Record the following transactions in the basic accounting equation:a. Brian invests $10,000 cash to begin an accounting service.b. The company buys office furniture for cash, $600.c. The company buys additional office furniture on account, $300.d. The company makes a payment on the office furniture, $200.Brian's Accounting ServiceASSETS = LIABILITIES + OWNER'S EQUITYCash + Office Furniture = Accounts Payable + Brian's CapitalSolutionAssets=Liability+CapitalCash + Office furniture=Account payable + Brian's Capital$10,000=$10,000$600$600=$600$300=$300$200=$200Part B (40 points)The following is a list of accounts and their balances for Benson Company for the month ended June 30, 20xx. Prepare a trial balance in good form.Cash $1,370 Benson, Withdrawals $ 500Accounts Payable 770 Accounts Receivable 1,600Office Equipment 900 Service Fees 2,730Benson, Capital 1,500 Salaries Expense 630SolutionBenson CompanyTrial BalanceAs at June 20, 20(customers date)Pa rticulars=Debit+CreditCash=$1,370Account Payable=$770Office Equipment=$900Benson, Capital=$1,500Benson, Withdrawals=$500Account Receivable=$1,600Service Fee=$2,750Salaries Expense=$630$5,000$5,000Part C (30 points)The following transactions occurred during June for Campus Cycle Shop. Record the transactions below in the T accounts. Place the letter of the transaction next to the entry. Foot and calculate the ending balances of the T accounts where appropriate.a. Tyler invested $6,500 in the bike service from his personal savings account.b. Bought office equipment for cash, $900.c. Performed bike service for a customer on account, $1,000.d. Company cell phone bill received, but not paid, $80.e. Collected $500 from customer in transaction c.f. Tyler withdrew $300 for personal use.Solutiona.Tyler invested $6,500 in the bike service from his personal savings accountCash 111Capital$6,500Office Equipment$900Account payable$500Tyler's withdrawal$300Account Receivable 112Service Fee$1,000Ca sh$500C/D$500
Saturday, May 16, 2020
Religious Reform in the Middle Ages During the middle ages there had been much controversy circling around religion, mainly around the Catholic Church. Many people felt trapped within the church, which sparked many religious ideologists to seek ways around the Catholic beliefs, and still have a relationship with God. During this age a new religion began to emerge from the Catholic faith, Protestantism, which sparked much controversy for many people living in Europe at the time. This era brought many revolutions and sparks a time of enlightenment when it came to religion. For most of the middles ages the majority of Europe was run under the Catholic Church, but it wasnt until the 16th century that critics began to question its practicesÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Instead of hearing the interpretation of a priest, people were able to base their own ideas on religion, which gave them a sense of freedom. After the introduction of Luther and the many that followed his theology, the Catholic Church began to reform to bring light to the Catholic Church after the harsh criticism it endured during the Protestant reform. One of the most significant orders that led Catholicism to its reform was the order of the Society of Jesuits, which was led by a Spaniard names Ignatius of Loyola (1491-1556). He taught how spiritual discipline could satisfy peoples desire to reach up to God while obeying the orders of the Catholic Church. He also justified the effectiveness of saints by explaining that they are just an intermediary between people and God. This gave many a legit reason to believe the importance of saints in the Catholic Religion. Another major turning point in the Catholic reform was The Council of Trent, where church leaders all over Europe gathered to discuss the reformation of Catholicism. The council concentrated on matters that involved the clean up of clerical corruption, ignorance , and apathy. They also banned the selling of indulgences, which was one of the biggest arguments Luther had against the Catholic Church. They went against the Protestant religion by saying that the Catholic Church does not stand before God. Instead they claimed theShow MoreRelatedReligious Reform in the Middle Ages1100 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesReligious Reformation in the Middle Ages Throughout the middle ages, religion underwent much criticism and controversy. In a time where Catholicism reigned as the sole religion, ideas arose that opposed this strict faith. These ideas spawned the Protestant reform and changed religion throughout Europe. It not only changed religious practices and the path to God, but also initiated political repercussions. These results were all in search of an answer to the question to which everyone soughtRead More Christianity Essay1617 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages The period from the eighth to the fourteenth century was one of vast reforms, some for the better and some for the worse. During this period in Europe, commonly known as The Middle Ages, economic reforms took place as well as social, political, and religious changes. One common theme throughout The Middle Ages consisted of the relationship between the Church and the State. The Catholic church during this era held a prominent role in society, and it had an abundant amount of powe r and authority duringRead More Middle Ages Essay712 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesMiddle Ages The history of the modern world derives from thousands of years of human history. Embedded in its history are the many eras of man which have constructed our modern learning, art, beliefs, and order. The middle ages, although represented as Ã¢â¬Å"darkÃ¢â¬ , backwards, and idle, were in fact a bridge linking the classical and modern world. Medieval society may not have been in a sense glorious, but the era of itself was a prime foundation of the modern worldÃ¢â¬â¢s newfound stability, a revivalRead MoreThe Role Of Role During The Middle Eastern Modernity953 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesName Tutor Name Date The Role Played by Europeans in Middle Eastern Modernity The term modernity is widely used to refer to various changes in cultural and social norms that occurred in post-medieval Europe. The concept includes different but interrelated historical and cultural events that impacted politics, human culture, and social institutions. In simple words, modernity can be referred to as the aspect of being up to date, usually characterized by a contemporary way of thinking or living. TheRead More Monasticism And Intellectual L Essay example799 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Religious and intellectual institutions underwent significant changes throughout the middle ages. In some cases, advances were made, and in others, there was a major decline. Through all of these times, the people of the middle ages learned what didnÃ¢â¬â¢t work, what did, and how to progress once they found what did work. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;The true form of monasticism in the western Christian church was founded by Saint Benedict of Nursia. He wrote the famous quot;BenedictÃ¢â¬â¢s Rulequot;Read MoreFrom An Ontic Community To The Age Of Mobilisation1018 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesof the secularisation theory, from traditional religious communities to the age of mobilisation, we will first take a look at his critique of traditional secularisation theorist. Finally, we will attempt to assess the place of religion today and the consequences of the first period of secularisation in the modern world. Taylor criticises the belief that secularisation was a linear phenomenon caused by scientific progress and the industrialisation age. He attributes this fallacy to the non-considerationRead MoreNo Title Now1233 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages2.3 Ã Study Ã Questions Ã Early Ã (Dark) Ã Middle Ã Ages Ã Ã Ã Chapter Ã Fifteen, Ã Ã¢â¬Å"Europe Ã to Ã the Ã Early Ã 1500s: Ã Revival, Ã Decline, Ã and Ã RenaissanceÃ¢â¬ Ã Ã Ã The Ã High Ã and Ã Late Ã Middle Ã AgesÃ¢â¬âChapter Ã Fifteen Ã As compared to its experience in the early Middle Ages, Europe in the High Middle Ages was a. more decentralized. c. less militaristic. b. less isolated. d. more religiously diverse. Which is the best summaryRead MoreThe Middle Ages : Religion, Politics, And Warfare998 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Middle Ages provides historians with various examples of concepts like kingship, church, warfare, politics, and health. Historians are able to explore events during the middle ages to determine how society operated and what mindset medieval people had. The middle ages is split into three sections early (500-1000), high or central (1000-1300), and late (1300-1500). This paper is going to delve into some similarities and differences between the high and late middle ages specifically looking atRead MoreDomesticity in 19th Century White Middle Class America Essay1387 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDomesticity in 19th Century White Middle Class America The nineteenth century marked a turning point for women in the United States. As men took work outside of the home women were left to cultivate a place that could serve as a haven from the harsh outside world. This change created a domestic sphere ru d by women; it paramounted from simple household organization to matters involving moral and religious responsibility, health, education, and social duty. Women found power in their newRead MoreCharlemagne And The Carolingian Renaissance1677 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesestablished political and educational reforms, introduced a love of learning to the people of Western Europe, as well ideas of renovatio and correctio. Charles the Great, along with the rest of the Carolingians, stressed the importance of a love of learning all over the empire. In order to do this, reforms of the educational system had to be made. During this time, however, the church was heavily involved in all aspect of life, ergo secular and religious. Charlemagne, being an intelligent man
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Sifan Wang English 200 Professor Merle December 9, 2015 Title One of the latest scientific breakthroughs has been the success of cloning. Ever since the creation of Ã¢â¬Å"DollyÃ¢â¬ the sheep at Roslin Institute, there has been increased debates on whether scientists should bump up a notch and try to clone a human. Biotechnology and science evolves day by day. New inventions and discoveries play an important part in order for a breakthrough in science. Scientists are eager to study and dig deeper into the mysteries of life, to them experimenting with cloning is a major step in fully understanding the human body and its limits. But to some, the ethics of cloning has become an important issue. Questions regarding human lives as experiments and the dangerous effects of a failed experiment confronts the issue. There are still many arguable questions regarding to cloning that needs to be answered before the legalization of cloning. So what is cloning? No, it is not the master plan created by evil scientists to take over the world. The word Ã¢â¬ ËcloneÃ¢â¬â¢ was derived from the Greek word Ã¢â¬ËklwnÃ¢â¬â¢ which means Ã¢â¬ËtwigÃ¢â¬â¢ (yes). Cloning in its basic form refers to the reproduction of plants and vegetation. Plants repreoduce asexually which means offspring produced will be genetically identical to the original parent (n) However, cloning is still possible in mammals, such as twins which can be the result of splitting embryo (n) Dolly and the process()n There are many opinions and debates raised aboutShow MoreRelatedThe First Human Clone : Real Stories930 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageshighlights the controversial issue of human cloning. The documentary has shown the development of a ten-cell human embryo along with explaining the science behind this extraordinary procedure. Human cloning has raised complex ethical challenges for the people involved, the healthcare staff and the society on the whole. New definitions of parents and children are created by infertility treatments and a rethinking of traditional con cepts of family is required. Human reproductive cloning should be bannedRead MoreThe Limits Of Scientific Limits1306 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDeciding Ethicacy: The Limits to Scientific Limits Since the ideology that technological advancements impact the type of identity that individuals present, a majority of breakthrough research tends to draw towards a negative connotation. With direct correlation, Patrick Guinan, whom is a professor at the University of Missouri, discusses new technological ideas that are in research. He discusses whether or not advances in technology are ethically correct or if the results are unethical and god-likeRead MoreEssay on Ian Wilmut and the Cloning of Dolly4070 Words Ã |Ã 17 PagesIan Wilmut and the Cloning of Dolly Definitions of creativity vary based on different peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s interpretations, yet most people agree that creative individuals produce new ideas that can completely change or invent a domain. According to Howard Gardner, creativity is not limited to a single domain, but is unique for all seven domains. Creativity is based on three core elements: the relationship between the child and the master, the relationship between an individual and the work in which he/sheRead MoreStem Cell Success or Moral Dilemma Essay1599 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesinfringement. For many religious groups this has been a very controversial, unethical way for scientist to commit murder in the name of science. On the contrary for those riddled with diseases its a chance at a new life. Scientist have come so far over the last few decades in their research, if we now stopped researching stem cell therapy, it would be an enfeeblement to medical technology. It is very important that we find a happy medium for both sides of this controversial matter so that we may continue toRead MoreWhy Is Cloning? Living A Wonderful Life?1668 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWhy Cloning? Imagine living a wonderful life. A life full of friends and loving relationships. A healthy life. Celebrating holidays with friends and families and finally starting to fall in love with the person mightÃ¢â¬ . Then all of a sudden your wonderful life comes to a screeching halt when you go to the doctor and is diagnosed with HIV, a fatal disease with no cure. YouÃ¢â¬â¢re now faced with countless decisions such as whether or not you want to be heavily medicated. More medications could lead toRead MoreLiving A Wonderful Life : A Life Full Of Friends And Loving Relationships1666 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesup. Cloning could provide an efficient way to find resistance and cures to diseases while providing an option to infertile couples. Human cloning is the process of using nuclear transfer, (a process of dna transfer) to a human cell in order to grow human cells. Human cloning is necessary and inevitable and research in the fields of reproductive and therapeutic cloning should continue to develop. Human cloning should be legal because reproductive cloning is inevitable and therapeutic cloning providesRead MoreThe Use of Cloning Technologies Essay1543 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Use of Cloning Technologies The ethical debate concerning cloning that has inevitably followed since the announcement and much celebrated birth of Dolly the Sheep in 1997, is highly charged and emotive. When human cloning is mentioned it normally has negative connotations with the individual conjuring up a mental picture of a sub-human creature with an almost Frankenstein like appearance. Many people are afraid of the idea because it is a new technology and relativelyRead More The Science and the Laws Impacting Human Cloning Essay5866 Words Ã |Ã 24 Pagesand the Laws Impacting Human Cloning Human cloning, long the subject of science fiction, is today a practical reality. Recent breakthroughs, most renowned the cloning of a sheep from an adult cell in Scotland in 1997, have caused the world to acknowledge that human cloning is indeed possible. Governments around the world immediately attempted to address the issue of human cloning, with varying levels of success. At the same time the pace of cloning technology continued to accelerateRead MoreThe Science Of Genetic Manipulation2094 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesmanipulation, defines the widely misunderstood process of cloning as artificially producing an organism or cell with Ã¢â¬Å"The exact same chemical patternsÃ¢â¬ ¦ as the originalÃ¢â¬ (Cambridge 1). Currently, scientists are able to duplicate animals like mice, goats, and monkeys with reasonable success. However, this field of science is highly restricted and bottlenecked because of its legal, moral, and religious controversy, and thus the days of human cloning with success will not come around for a long time. A geneticallyRead MoreCloning Can Cause Conflicts?2627 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesCloning Can Cause Conflicts Remember the birth of Dolly the sheep in 1996? No? Dolly was the first cloned mammal and for many she symbolizes a slippery slope to a cloned human, which stimulated a discussion about the ethics and morality of human cloning. How far are scientists allowed to go, and who gives them that permission? How about the clone itself? Experiments on humans without their consent are forbidden, and cloning is exactly that. Human Cloning oversteps scientistsÃ¢â¬â¢ boundaries and endangers
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Vangogh Essay The rapid evolution of a style characterized by canvases filled with swirling, bright colors depictingpeople and nature is the essence of Vincent Van Goghs extremely prolific but tragically short career. Vincent Willem van Gogh was born on March 30, 1853, in Holland, son of a Dutch Protestant pastorand eldest of six children. His favorite brother Theo was four years younger. When Vincent was twelve tosixteen years old, he went to a boarding school.That next year he was sent to The Hague to work for anuncle who was an art dealer, but van Gogh was unsuited for a business career.Actually, his early interestswere in literature and religion. Very dissatisfied with the way people made money and imbued with astrong sense of mission, he worked for a while as a lay preacher among proverty-stricken miners.VanGogh represented the religious society that trained him in a poor coal-mining district in Belgium. Vincenttook his work so seriously that he went without food and other necessities so he could give more to thepoor.The missionary society objected to Vincents behavior and fired him in 1879. Heartsick, van Goghstruggled to keep going socially and fin!ancially, yet he was always rejected by o ther people, and felt lost and forsaken. Then, in 1880, at age 27, he became obsessed with art. The intensity he had for religion, he now focusedon art. His early drawings were crude but strong and full of feeling: It is a hard and a difficult struggle tolearn to draw well I have worked like a slave .His first paintings had been still lifes and scenes ofpeasants at work.That which fills my head and heart must be expressed in drawings and in picturesImin a rage of work.In 1881, he moved to Etten. He very much liked pictures of peasant life and labor. Jean-Francois Milletwas the first to paint this as a main theme and his works influenced van Gogh. His first paintings here werecrude but improving. Van Goghs progress was interrupted by an intense love for his widowed cousin KeeVos. On her decisive rejection of him he pursued her to Amsterdam, only to suffer more humiliation. Anton Mauve, a leading member of the Hague school was a cousin of van Goghs mother. Thisopportunity to be taught by him encouraged van Gogh to settle in Den Hague with Theos support.Whenvan Gogh left Den Hague in September 1883 for the northern fenland of Drenth, he did so with mixedfeelings. He spent hours wandering the countryside, making sketches of the landscape, but began to feelisolated and concerned about the future. He had rented a little attic in a house but found it melancholy, andwas depressed with the quality of his equipment. Everything is too miserable, too insufficient, toodilapidated. Physically and mentally unable to cope with these conditions any longer, he left for his parents newhome in Nuenen in December 1883. Van Gogh had a phase in which he loved to paint birds and birdsnests.This phase did not last long. It only lasted until his fathers death six months later. The FamilyBible which he painted just before leaving his house for good, six months after his fathers death in 1885,must have meant a great deal to him. Van Gogh had broken with Christianity when he was fired from themissionary which proved to be the most painful experience of his life, and one from which he never quiterecovered. At Nuenen, van Gogh gave active physical toil a remarkable reality. Its impact went far beyond whatthe realist Gustave Corbet had achieved and beyond even the quasi-religious images of Jean-FrancoisMillet. He made a number of studies of peasant hands and heads before embarking on what would be hismost important work at Nuenen. The pinnacle of his work in Holland was The Potato Eaters, a scenepainted in April 1885 that shows the working day to be over. It was the last and most ambitious painting ofhis pre-Impressionist period, 1880-1885.When van Gogh painted the The Potato Eaters, he had not yetdiscovered the importance of color. How Can Artificial Intelligence Help Us? Essay In 1888, while living at Arles, he began to use the swirling brush strokes and intense yellows, greens,and blues. He loved bright colors especially yellow because of the sun which was bright in southern Franceand he painted what he saw and felt.He painted in colors with bright hues and high value.Vincent wouldsometimes put paints on his canvas with his palette knife or right from the tube and mix it around with hisfingers which would make it quite coarse. In Arles he attached the greatest importance to his portraits,although he also painted many landscapes.Later, in 1890, he devoted his main energy to landscapepainting. In southern France van Gogh lived for a time with Paul Gauguin, whom he had met in Paris. But aftertwo months they had violent arguments, culminating in a quarrel in which van Gogh threatened Gauguinwith a razor. The same night, in a deep remorse, van Gogh cut off part of his own ear. This episode markedthe beginning of a periodic insanity that plagued him until his death. On May 8, 1889, he was admitted toSt. Rmy Hospital as a voluntary patient. Dr. Peyron interviewed him and entered in the register that vanGogh Suffers from fits which last from fifteen days to a month. During these fits the patient is victim toterrifying terrors and on several occasions has attempted to poison himself.During the intervals betweenfits he is perfectly quiet and paints ardently.He was possibly having a seizure when he threatened to killPaul Gauguin. Since his death, investigators have come to feel that his fits were due to epilepsy. Despairing of a cure and fearing !he would no longer be able to paint, van Gogh committed suicide in July 1890. He felt very deeply that artalone made his life worth living. We know a good deal about his inner life as a result of a massive, stirring and deeply movingautobiography in the form of hundreds of letters written to his brother Theo.The letters he sent to hisbrother include many eloquent descriptions of his choice of hues and the emotional meaning he attached tothem. In one of his letters to Theo he wrote the following: I do not intend to spare myself, nor to avoid emotions or difficulties Idont care much whether I livea longer or shorter timeThe world concernsme insofar as I feel a certain indebtedness and duty towardit because I have walked this earth for thirty years, and, out of gratitude, want toleave somesouvenir in the shape of drawings and pictures not made to pleasea certain taste in art, but to express asincere human feeling. I feel that he succeeded.
Saturday, April 18, 2020
Yellow Wallpaper: The Nameless Narrator Erin Kate Ryan 7 November 2000 Major Women Authors Short Paper The Unnamed Woman Name, Identity and Self in Charlotte Perkins Gilman's ?The Yellow Wallpaper? Charlotte Perkins Gilman presents in the short story ?The Yellow Wallpaper? a narrator of dubious identity. If a reader infers that the reference at the end of the story to ?Jane? is indeed self-reflexive, a dichotomy between the Jane of which she speaks and the character who creeps about the room becomes apparent. This division within the single heroine can be best understood when viewed as such: within this nameless speaker are in fact two women, and as the actions of one recede the other becomes dominant. Indeed, the reader sees two separate identities, or selves, within the narrator's captive body: the proper-Jane persona, the suitably-named, dutiful and lucid wife of Dr. John; and the nameless, savage and hysterical woman, a reflection of whom the raconteur sees lurking behind the wallpaper's exterior pattern. As proper-Jane's affectations dissipate, those of her unsociable doppelganger fluidly fill in the gaps in the speaker's psyche. The protagonist in ?The Yellow Wallpaper? provides the reader with very few concrete details of her person. She is a woman: mother, daughter, sister, cousin, sister-in-law and physician's wife. She is an ?ordinary? person. She is?if one were to attempt a succinct moniker?Mrs. John. Yet, this Mrs. John?this mother, this wife, this Jane?gradually discards the traits which adorn a decorous woman of society. The primal, villainous character Mrs. John becomes at the end of the story embodies everything that is not acceptable in Victorian society. She neglects her child, abandons her household ?duties? , becomes increasingly paranoid and believes that she knows her medical condition better than her doctors. In addition to her near-maniacal obsession with the yellow wallpaper, the speaker begins staying awake all night and sleeping through the day. She at times creeps about during the daytime, an action she admits is hardly commonplace. The narrator also adopts a cynical and distrustful stance regarding John and her sister-in-law Jennie (?It does not do to trust people too much? ), an attitude that certainly does not befit a na?ve and delicate gentlewoman of the time. The trademark of a gentlewoman, her good name?upon which relies her reputation?is the first casualty of the speaker's progression into her second self. Due to the customs of the narrator's 19th century patriarchal society, her surname (which, of course, was her father's) was taken from her at marriage. Yet, although Mrs. John's last name is important to her proper-Jane persona, she had no agency in its replacement with that of her husband's. So while this partial loss of legal identity may be a factor in the speaker's transition of self, it is not an injury exclusive to this story's heroine. However, throughout the context of the story, the reader sees John further attempt to steal from the narrator her given name as well. In endowing her with the pet names ?darling,? ?little girl? and ?blessed little goose,? he succeeds in perpetuating the separation of his wife's sense of self from her name and its corresponding identity. Indeed, humans, pets and even inanimate objects (e.g. cars, boats and estates) are given proper names. To relinquish from the protagonist her name is to effect a form of debasement, and to place her beneath even a favorite dog. It follows that this defilement may be a cause in the narrator's creeping about, an act that is not only animalistic, but which places her physical self as low as her emotional self has been ordered. In addition, John even goes so far as to address the speaker in the third person (?'Bless her little heart!' said he with a big hug, ?she shall be as sick as she pleases!'? ), effectively creating a split between his frail and proper wife, and the woman to whom he is speaking. This is a step the narrator later takes herself, saying, ?'I've got out at last?in spite of you and Jane.'? Once her names are stripped from her, the protagonist is left with no concise description of her personal identity. She attempts to give a name to her developing condition, her emerging self, and is halted mid-sentence by John. ?'I beg
Saturday, March 14, 2020
Hollywood Essay Example Hollywood Essay Hollywood Essay Hollywood Avail and Hoc argue that Hollywood develops as a control of industry in specific geographical areas. Hoc doesnt discuss films because she is not a reader of films but her work suggests that we think about films as produced fantasies in specific spaces. The most obvious connection between film and one of those produced spaces is Disneyland. Villas work doesnt talk about whats in Disneyland but I believe it consists of controlled space in which the Disney fantasy has been created. I am going to establish the relationship between fantasy/space using Hoc, Brandy ND Ross, look at the place that most exemplifies this relationship Disneyland, and use the movie Who Framed Rodgers Rabbit that puts these two ideas together and points out that they are linked back to consumerism. Hoc states that merely looking at changes in spatial organization is not enough to explain Just how Hollywood was able to develop itself into the epicenter of film. She suggests we consider the power relations between the merchants and manufacturers; in particular, the shift from a producer driven to merchant dominated industry. Hoc states that Hollywood became Hollywood because its birth incited with the rise of consumerism. Hollywood became linked with consumerism; it became a place where people linked several different aspects of the geographic location to Hollywood. There was the stars that lived around Hollywood, the studio lots that made the films possible, the geography of the land that had attracted the production companies initially. Leo Brandy for example acknowledges that Hollywood came to become Hollywood when cinema finally gained the respect it wanted as a business and art form but Brandy argues that Hollywood really became Hollywood when it merged business tit a place and location. It seems to me that Hollywood consolidated its stars, production and exhibition in order to create a brand, that it otherwise would not have had (Brandy 54). Hollywood became a place associated with a brand created in order to lure those apt to consume in a consumer society. Hollywood began with its advertising of real estate and health that brought early settlers to Southern California as a vision and place for self betterment and health as it was mentioned in lecture. As a movie business Hollywood took these early myths and created an even more enhanced fantasy of personal attainment even though very few movie theaters were actually produced in Hollywood and only a few stars actually lived there. Steven Ross How Hollywood Became Hollywood indicates that Hollywood is a place, an icon, and idea that has established it as a symbol that represented a place of dreams worldwide. It became a symbol that represented a physical place but also a metaphysical life represented false rhetoric of endless opportunities for individuals to become part of the glamorous life that many stars were part of. Studios and exclusive films that mirrored the life of the more leisured and well to do citizenry, that that would accelerate Hollywood new class visions (269 Ross). Walt Disney had his very own class vision, as mentioned in lecture Disney wanted to create a place that would attract well to do white nuclear families that included a father, mother, a son and a daughter. Disneyland debuted in 1955 as the antithesis to Coney Island and its urban counterparts. Avail states that Disneyland was ordered to contrast with the chaos of the modern city and intimate enough to counter, the limitless sprawl of Southern Californians expanding urban region. Disneyland was said to present a compact, reassuring model of order that resembled an updated version of the Progressives better city (Avail). Disney addresses urban problems (Crime, transportation, waste, relationship of work and leisure, transience of populations, hegemony of the simulacrum buts its not an urban environment. Visitors to the park are citizens but not residents, who roam through the park consuming the cartoon utopia and compare it to their homes. Park visitors compared their homes to the park, it must eave something to do with how clean and orderly everything is in the park, theres no crime, no homeless people on the streets, the urban atmosphere is taken away and more of a small town feel to it although its located in one of the busiest cities in the world. It seems to me that the park is a fantasy of controlled space, the park is like a small city which disconnects its visitors from the reality of life outside of the park there is crime and grime in cities in Disneyland this isnt visible because it is being controlled, employees are told to keep the park clean in order for it to be the better itty (Avail). Main Street USA worked to uphold Disneys faith in the virtues of small town America and symbolized a nostalgia retreat from the decadence of a noir city. It seems to me that the Progressives better city model in Disneyland was aimed to control the excess of urban culture through regulation and supervision. Disneyland was a controlled space. Disneyland was unlike Coney Island which highlighted the cultural landscape and paragon of industrial arbitration in turn of the century New York ad reflected the growing class diversity of the modern industrial city as well as encompassing the its tremendous growing class diversity (Avail). Disney felt that values were lost in the chaos of Coney Islands urban modernity. Im not arguing that he made Disneyland out of Jealousy but instead he created it because he was so obsessed with controlling whether people were holding onto their values and making sure there wasnt a mixing of classes like in the example of Coney Island where Victorian respectability wasnt important. He created a fantasy world inside of Disneyland where he was able to control who was able to come to the park, its located in a action where you need a vehicle in order to get to and if you couldnt afford a vehicle or the price for a ticket you werent able to enter the park. It was controlled in the sense that only those that could afford making the trip to Disneyland, afford a car and park expenses was able to obtain the experience of the fantasy land unlike Coney Island which was available to all classes of people. This created the sense of a see this spectacle or fantastical as I think of it. Michael Sirloins See you in Disneyland was discussed in another one of Professor Morons classes that outlines how Disneyland was on the inside something Avail doesnt talk much about in her piece in A Rage for Order. Corking mentions that Disneyland was a highly regulated and sterilized experience that stands in for the undisciplined complexities of normal life. Security and surveillance were said to be all housed underground as an apparatus for keeping every urban problem out of sight (Corking). Disney seems unreal, no wonder visitors to the park compared it to their homes, and if a person from a very urban environment visits Disneyland of rouser they be intrigue d I know I would. If everything around me is neat and orderly Id want to live in such an area but is it possible. Personally I dont think its possible, Disneyland creates this fantasy that its possible for a city to be so orderly but in reality, it wouldnt be possible to watch and keep order in order to make sure nothing messes up the utopia city. Avail begins by talking about Coney Island the complete opposite of Disneyland. Its located in New York in a very urban environment; it highlighted the cultural landscape and paragon of industrial arbitration (Avail). She doesnt really go into detail about specific examples of what Disneyland enforced for example Sirloins piece discussed the reasoning behind everyone having to circulate on foot around the park. He says the car although it was the generator of LA it was also the problem it repressed pedestrians and its happy random encounters which is why Disney created an auto-free zone. Although Disney removed automobiles from the park itself, it was the automobile and the making of the freeway that attracted visitors to the park. Disneyland was centered around consumerism if it werent for consumerism it wasnt Seibel for it to be so successful. The freeway was vital to the success of Disneyland that it even earned a spot inside the park. In the parks 1955 opening a Utopia in Tomorrows was a real model freeway that had everything to do with Disneyland. In order to get to Disneyland a freeway had to be constructed, because there was a freeway made people were able to drive their cars from their suburban homes into the city and then to Disneyland where they were able to consume all the things made available to them inside the park. I havent been to Disneyland but have heard a lot bout it and often people say that their isnt a chance that you can get past the first attraction of the park which is Main Street USA a copy of what a small town America should look like (clean, organized, and a better version of a city). Who Framed Roger Rabbit the movie becomes a land in Disneyland called Ton Town which is about the culmination of the control of space, the Disney fantasy, and consumerism. Disney was able to control space by creating a utopia American town, with its own rules and regulations. Ton town was the complete opposite; it was Hattie, immoral and not right Just, as Coney Island didnt seem right in the eyes of Walt. Ton Town was a product of consumerism, people wanted to watch movies that included the tons because they were funny, they were oblivious to the idea that they talked about the plan to create a freeway right through Ton Town and how many automobiles would use it and how people could get from one place to another. Disneyland needed the freeway, because there was no other way people could get to the park if it werent for automobiles and the freeway. This links back to mesmerism, Disneyland used Who Framed Roger Rabbit as a way to introduce the freeway and the important of having this pathway for cars to drive upon in order to reach certain destinations. It all links back to consumerism, the controlled space, and the fantasy of living in a clean American town. Consumerism included visiting Disneyland, driving on a freeway that would take you to the park that exemplified itself as the utopia city that highlighted the fantasy of Disney, and visiting the place, which was the epicenter of the film industry along with having an amazing landscape.
Thursday, February 27, 2020
The Transcendent Legacies of Hinduism and Confucianism - Essay Example Piety in This World 4 Confucianism may, in practice, be an intricate system of moral, philosophical and social thought but it has long held the status of a religion in China as Hinduism has for hundreds of millions in India and throughout Southeast Asia. For many, the comparison between the two begins and ends there. Hinduism is, after all, a polytheistic religion with thousands of deities in which reincarnation plays a prominent role. Salvation only comes after the soul is at long last freed from the cycle of birth and death. For adherents of Confucianism, the journey toward perfection happens in life and can be judged based on the extent to which an individual attains strong moral and social development during life. Whereas Hinduism holds the promise of eternal reward for the worthy soul, Confucianism teaches that living a life in which one serves others holds its own rewards. Ã¢â¬Å"The superior man can achieve complete self-realization only in his public vocation. It might indeed be stated that a commitment to public service Ã¢â¬â even when such service is unattainable Ã¢â¬â forms one of the basic criteria distinguishing the Confucian ideal of self-cultivationÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (Wright, 1959). The other side of this proposition is that society can only be brought into balance when men who have attained a state of self-realization serve the community, in official capacities, as sages (Ibid). Service to oneÃ¢â¬â¢s fellow man is also an important tenet of Hinduism. The cycle of death and rebirth can be broken and nirvana attained by acting ethically and charitably toward others; by seeking wisdom; through meditation; and by renouncing worldly possessions. Hindus believe that when a person dies, the moral weight of their actions dictate what becomes of them in...For many, the comparison between the two begins and ends there. Hinduism is, after all, a polytheistic religion with thousands of deities in which reincarnation plays a prominent role. Salvation onl y comes after the soul is at long last freed from the cycle of birth and death. For adherents of Confucianism, the journey toward perfection happens in life and can be judged based on the extent to which an individual attains strong moral and social development during life. Whereas Hinduism holds the promise of eternal reward for the worthy soul, Confucianism teaches that living a life in which one serves others holds its own rewards. Ã¢â¬Å"The superior man can achieve complete self-realization only in his public vocation. It might indeed be stated that a commitment to public service Ã¢â¬â even when such service is unattainable Ã¢â¬â forms one of the basic criteria distinguishing the Confucian ideal of self-cultivationÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (Wright, 1959). The other side of this proposition is that society can only be brought into balance when men who have attained a state of self-realization serve the community, in official capacities, as sages (Ibid). Service to oneÃ¢â¬â¢s fellow man is also an important tenet of Hinduism. The cycle of death and rebirth can be broken and nirvana attained by acting ethically and charitably toward others; by seeking wisdom; through meditation; and by renouncing worldly possessions. Hindus believe that when a person dies, the moral weight of their actions dictate what becomes of them in their new incarnation.